I think the parable of the sower or parable of the soils in Matthew 13 provides us in a very meaningful way the reasons to this very intriguing question. At the fore is satan himself who takes the seed that falls on the beaten path. The soil is so hard, the seed cannot germinate because the soil is packed, and Jesus said when the Gospel is broadcast to the world, some seed falls on that packed soil and the evil one comes and snatches it away before it can germinate. 2 Cor. 4:4 calls the evil one or satan, the god of this world. He has blinded the eyes of the unbelieving that they may not see the glory of God in the face of Christ. We go out into the world; we pray, we leave tracts; we visit the sick in hospitals; we hold evangelistic crusades, and the great mystery is when we present the Gospel so clearly – we tell people Jesus loves them, He died for, and whosoever will can be saved, that they can have eternal life, that they can have the free forgiveness of sin, they can have a purpose in life, they can have peace that passes all understanding, the great mystery is why some people can afford to reject such an offer from God?

But there are 3 other kinds of soils, and in all my life as a Christian, i’ve been told over and over that “if you just prayed this prayer; if you just receive Christ and no matter what happens you go to heaven when you die”. We’ve heard that message preached all our lives, but look at vs. 20 “and the seed which fell on the rocky places”, this is the man who hears the Word and immediately receives it with joy – yes it germinates, yes the plant comes out, there is greenery yet has no firm roots in himself, only temporarily. When affliction or persecution arises, immediately he falls away. This is shocking to those of us who always hear “if you only believe”, “if you only receive”, “if you only commit”, “if you only sign this… you’ve got the promises of God”. Because that’s a big, big lie from hell. “in that day many will say to me Lord, Lord didn’t we do many miracles in your Name; cast out demons in your Name; preached in your Name?” Jesus whirls on that group and says, “depart from me you accursed for I have never known.” I believe it’s possible to have a facade of religiosity, even an active ministry; successful ministry that calls on Jesus’ Name and yet does not belong to Him. We watch tv programs and even in the radio that claim to be from Christ , and all they have is money-making schemes that tell you to send money. If you send money, you will receive blessings but if you don’t you will receive sickness or financial setbacks or a plague or something. We are surrounded by spirituality that is false, and if we don’t know our Bible well enough, we won’t know the difference. This man received it with joy; temporary belief and fell away.

Look at the next one, vs. 22, the seed that fell among the thorns. This is the man who hears the Word, but the worries of the world and deceitfulness of riches choke the Word, and it becomes unfruitful. Is it really possible that if we focus on the initial decision and totally ignore the call for a changed life that there is a biblical possibility that nothing happened at the decision? YES absolutely! If you go through Romans 3:24; 6:23; Eph. 2:8-9, it says salvation is free. Yes, however, we have to realize that the Bible presents truths in tension-filled pairs to keep us in the middle. Salvation is absolutely free in the finished work of Jesus Christ but salvation costs everything that you are and have from the day that you freely received it until the day Jesus comes again and takes you unto Himself. And what we’ve missed is the call for daily sacrificial discipleship. We just want to come to church every Sunday and go home for the rest of the week live our own lives, and we call ourselves Christians? I believe eternal life has observable characteristics.

Now, look at this last verse; the one on whom the seed was sown in the .good soil. This is the man who hears the word and understands it. Who indeed bears fruit and brings forth some a hundred, some sixty, and some thirty. All the 3 soils on whom the seed fell germinated, but this last kind of soil has it seed bore fruit and much more fruit. I guess the important thing to remember is that salvation is a contract or a covenant between a sovereign God and a responsible human being. What starts in repentance and faith must issue in a lifestyle of repentance and faith. What starts as a gospel seed must, must, must turn into gospel fruit. The evidence of true salvation is not how high you jump, or how much you cry. the evidence of a true salvation is Christlikeness. It’s not enough to say “yes”, you must live that “yes”. (cf. Matt. 13:1-23)


I must admit i used to be a part of the vast majority of Christians today who are very guilty of proof-texting, and by that i mean we love the Bible so much that we tend to want to say, “If the Bible says it, that settles it”. Now, i know the motive behind that cliche, because of my great love of the Bible as the only source for faith and practice, and the only true knowledge about God and man. But this is an untrue statement. What we tend to do is take certain verses out of the Bible that we have heard, taught, or preached, or quoted in our upbringing either by our Christian parents, or grandparents, or our pastor, or our denomination, and we’ve heard these verses over and over, and we know this is what the Bible teaches, and so we lock down as this being what the Bible says. But the question is, have we spent the time to look at all the verses that relate to this subject? Denominations have found passages in the Bible to build their credo on, and they have said, “thus saith the Lord”, and then anybody who disagrees with what they say is suddenly a weird person, or a liberal, or an inferior, or ignorant, or a heretic at most. But other denominations have read other verses in the Bible – equally inspired, equally valid, equally true, and they have built their religion over those verses, and they criticized as arrogantly as the other group. And we have caught ourselves in a place of casting stones at one another in the religious community. Now, nobody wins the battle except the evil one, when in fact we do not need to be shooting one another. What we have done of course is proof-texted the Bible and have listened to our denominational presuppositions, and have arrogantly claimed our understanding as the understanding of God.

Let me show you one issue so you will know where i am coming from. Historically, the whole Christendom has been polarized by the debate between Calvinism and Arminianism. The major theme of Calvinism is that man is totally sinful. Man cannot come to God without prevenient grace, and man can only come to God if God chooses him. So here we have predestination, but Arminianism on the other hand teaches that man does have a part in Salvation. That although predestination is true, the Bible says “whosoever will”. So you can see how major groups of Christendom have been polarized around these 2 doctrines – “God chooses” versus “man chooses”. Which is true? Yes, both are true because both of those doctrines are Biblical, and we could go on for minutes quoting proof-texts on both sides. So the real question is, how do we work out the relationship?

The key is to realize that the Bible is an eastern book which uses figurative language expressing truth in very strong statements, but then balances it with other seemingly contradictory statements. The Bible presents truths in eastern and not western genres, and as such presents major doctrinal truths in tension-filled paradoxical (dialectical) pairs. People who are not acquainted with eastern genres practically hate dialectical tensions. We want it black or white. We want truths in “either or” categories. Our minds function in detailed outlines. We put things in major categories with sub-points, and we have done that to a Book that is not western. Remember, the Bible is not a systematic treatise on God. The Bible was not meant to build a systematic detailed theology on. The Bible was meant to bring us into a relationship with Jesus, the Christ. Its sole purpose as far as priority, is to show us our need – to bring us to Christ, and then to teach us how to walk in Him. Now what we’ve done is we’ve made the Bible, which is primary relational, we’ve made it propositional. Therefore truth is found between the two seemingly paradoxical extremes. Denominationalism tends to proof-text one side of the paradox and radicalize truth by literally and dogmatically interpreting one expression of truth without seeking and being open to the opposite truth. We must live within the tension created by these truths no matter how seemingly paradoxical they are because all Scriptures are divinely inspired.


Psalm 126

Psalm 126 would seem to be linked to Psalm 137 as it refers to the return from the Babylonian captivity, but we’re not really certain Psalm 126 alludes to it. New American Standard Bible says, “When the LORD brought back the captive ones of Zion,…”, but the New International version has, “When the LORD restored the fortunes of Zion,…”, and that doesn’t sound like the captivity. Now what we have here is an example of a word translated one way that may really have multiple meanings where the phrase “turned again the captivity of Zion” may mean something besides the Babylonian exile. You might want to see the use this phrase in Psalms 14:7; Psalms 53:6: and Psalms 85:1 where the word “shuwb’ appears, and which means to ‘to turn back’. It’s used so often Jeremiah chapter 4; the ideal of the covenant people repenting and turning back to God which is so obvious here. It’s the idea of a time of pressure; a time of problems, and the people of God who already believe turning back to God in repentance and faith. And that seems to be the context here. Some try to make it Cyrus’ proclamation of 538 BC, and i know that’s a possible allusion because the same phrase is used in verse 4 where to calls on the people to return again. I’m not sure it fits automatically the Babylonian captivity though that would be one example of the kind of setting this Psalm was written to. “When the Lord brought back the captive ones to Zion, we were like those who dream” – it seemed so unreal, they thought they were dreaming when they were released under Cyrus by virtue of the decree that let all the peoples go home. Not just the Jews, but all the peoples. Basically, what the Persians did under Cyrus was that they had totally reversed the policies of Assyria and Babylonians who tried to keep control of the captive populations by deporting them to different areas, but the Persians tried to keep these captive people loyal by letting them go home and even paying the cost of rebuilding these national indigenous temples. And the Jews were one of the many that benefited from it that they could not contain their joy and exuberance so much so they exclaimed, “Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing: then said they among the nations, The LORD has done great things for them.” – you know the Jews have always been a witness to God. If God can be seen in how He’s dealt with Israel, i think He chose the Jews they’re so stiff-necked and rebellious. That’s what the book of Deuteronomy says, and God’s grace shows so clearly, and how He’s worked with the Jews and God’s faithfulness to the Jews can be seen in our modern world, and i think it’s a real showcase of God’s faithfulness.

Notice as it says in verse 3, “The LORD has done great things for us; and we are glad.” – remember that when the Jews went into captivity, God’s Name was in disrepute because the gentiles thought He couldn’t save His own people, and therefore considered Marduk was stronger. But here God shows He is the powerful One. He is the Controller of history. He is the One that has all power in Him as His people were restored. Now look at verse 4, “Restore our captivity, O Lord,…” – this is the idea that “the Lord turned Himself to the turning of Zion.” meaning, God returns to His people when they return to Him in repentance. Martin Luther thinks this verse is messianic and refers to the church. Others have said this refers to the historical setting of the return of the exile from Babylon under Ezra, Nehemiah, and Zerubabbel, and all the pressures they faced after they got back in the land. And that the second prayer is for God to sustain them. Some say, no it refers to the idea that the Jews were praying for more of their brother Jews to leave Babylon and come back to the Promised Land because they needed them. Now, which one of those i’m not sure; maybe it’s all three because i believe in prophetic foreshadowing in the Old Testament where a contemporary event foreshadows an eschatological event. Now, “…as the stream-beds in the South” – these are the dry river beds in the Negev that only ran certain times of the year. Water being a sign of God’s blessing was used as God fully restoring this desert land to abundance. Now, verses 5 and 6 speak about the idea that the Jews were saying that they were going forth weeping in repentance; the tears being a symbol of that, and God who is in control who is in control of history will seal our hearts, and in our repentance will bless us. Even in hard times we need to entrust our lives to God; continue to do things of faith and continue to live for Him. God is going to bless us if we’re true to God in times of stress, and failure, and problems. God is going to bring us to a time of blessing because we’ve trusted in Him. I think that’s the witness here, and whatever particular historical setting is, God can be trusted even at a time like the Babylonian exile. I don’t know what you’re going through, but you haven’t experienced anything that bad and that confusing that God can’t be depended on. If we turn to Him, He will restore us! Hallelujah!


(cf. Colossians 3:12-16)

Ephesians chapter 4 deals with 2 issues which are crucially needed in the modern church as a whole, and those are, unity and the giftedness of every believer as a called, gifted, and full-time minister of the Lord Jesus Christ. Those are the 2 major truths of chapter 4. But it is noteworthy that Ephesians is the outcome of an expanded outline of Colossians, and Colossians was written to the Lychus river valley where 3 churches (Colossae, Hierapolis, and Laodicea) were all started by a layperson named Epaphras. Gnostic false teachers came and disrupted the fellowship of those churches, and Paul sitting in prison wrote a letter to these 3 churches particularly, which is expanded in Ephesians (as a cyclical letter) to all the churches in western Turkey, better known as Asia Mino.

So it is chapter 3 of Colossians which is Paul’s original outline starting in verse 12 where Paul, with all the power of the Word of God, addresses the disruption prevailing in these 1st century churches. If we think we have disruption in our churches today, we don’t know what disruption is compared to the 1st century. Believers are on the verge of being completely destroyed in their faith. And it is in this difficult time of confusion and disruption the Word of God comes to them with power, as it speaks to all of us today in our problem of disunity. Paul exhorts, “So, as those who have been chosen of God, holy and beloved, put on a heart of compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience; bearing with one another, and forgiving each other, whoever has a complaint against anyone; just as the Lord forgave you, so also should you.” – these are Old Testament titles of the people of God. As Jesus is the beloved of Father, so are we (the church) the beloved of the Son. “put on” is a common Pauline metaphor like a Christian should take off the “old man” and “put on the new man”. So here he’s going to say “put on” – it’s a clothing metaphor which means make these attributes of Christ-likeness obvious and visible in your life. Have these characteristics of the mind of Christ in you is just another way of saying that. Notice this list here: “a heart of compassion” – think seriously about loving one another, and have deep feelings for one another; “kindness” – is a wonderful word which has a parallel in Ephesians 4:32 which basically means be tender-hearted to one another. It’s a great verse on how we have to treat each other, tender-heartedly. We all live in glass houses. If we start throwing rocks, nobody will have a house left. It’s kind of if you look for the perfect church, and you find it you’ll screw it up. So get over it. We all live in imperfect churches, and we all work with imperfect people. “Humility” – is a surprising word for the Stoics because they saw it as a weakness. Another for word for humility is meekness, and in the Bible there are only 2 people called ‘meek’, Jesus and Moses, and none of us are. Don’t you ever think that God’s got a good deal when He got you, and i don’t care who you are. Humility is recognizing the condition that we’re in, in this fallen world. None of us have all of the understanding and plans of what the will of God is. That’s why we believe as a group, no matter how messy it is, when we combine all the gifts, and all the prayers, and all the understanding of the congregation, we’ll have better chance of finding the will of God. Because the whole is always greater and better than its individual parts. Humility is also teachableness – not always having to be in the front row; not always having to have your opinion taken or not taken. We’re too stinking sensitive, we think we’ve got too many chips on our shoulders. the question is, if it’s a biblical chip, let’s go to the wall and die for it. If it’s a personality chip or a personal preference chip. let’s get over it, for Christ’s sake.

Gentleness has the idea of a domesticated beast, like a big stallion. How do you control it? You don’t break the spirit of that horse. You channel the strength and spirit of that horse to the purposes of the rider. And that’s precisely what the Holy Spirit wants to do with you. He gifted you. He’s the one that made you. Psalm 139 says, “but we are physically and emotionally the work of God for His purposes”. We need to be not broken, but channeled for His purposes. Let our strength that He gives us flow in the direction that He’ll receive honor and glory and not ourselves.

Patience is the idea of patience with people. And people get on our nerves all the time, because we are all different. We all see things differently. We all have differences. We all have different backgrounds, different cultures, and different education, but what characterizes us as a group is kindness, gentleness, humility…almost sounds like “the fruit of the Spirit” of Galatians 5. We all come believing we know the will of God; we all come believing we understand the will of God. there’s a seriousness with that, there’s a passion with that, but the truth is all of us can’t have the will of God, because we don’t agree. So we hope, together we can pool our giftedness, and find the will of God, but we’ve got to treat each other with respect!

Verse 13, “…bearing with one another and forgiving each other, whoever has a complaint against anyone, just as the Lord forgave you, so also should you.” – is like us having a statement of assets and liabilities. There’s what people owe you and what you owe people. Now what God in Jesus Christ did was, He took your liabilities, and He washed them with His own blood. And now He says to you, to your assets (the due what you think others should pay you, what think others owe you, and what you think others should do for you), because Jesus has accepted you with all of your faults, failures, and sins for a greater purpose, He now asks you to erase those assets due you, so that you can walk in peace, and joy, and humility, and kindness, and gentleness, and patience, and long-suffering together. We all have glass houses with cracks. And none of us can measure up to the standard of the glory of God in Christ. We were all forgiven by God in Christ Jesus, now He asks us to forgive those people who have wronged us. Please, let us not be ugly to one another. Let us not get so factious as to cut the throat of anybody or everybody who disagrees with us. Please do not tear up the church over your own personal preferences and biases, because this is the blood-bought people of God. “Whoever has a complaint against anyone, let them forgive each other, just as the Lord forgave you so also should you”.

Notice as it continues, “Beyond all these things put on love…” – satan may have counterfeited every aspect of the Gospel, but he can’t counterfeit love. Because love is the root and the fruit of a relationship with Jesus. “This new commandment I give you, that you love one another even as I have loved you” (i.e. John 13:34). We all know John 3:16 but have you read 1st John 3:16 lately? “As Jesus laid down His life, we ought to lay down our lives for the brothers”. “…put on love which is the perfect bond of unity, and let the peace of Christ rule (umpire) in your hearts to which indeed you were called in one body, and be thankful!

I submit to you, indeed there are hurt feelings inside the fellowship, and if we do not reconcile those hurt feelings, soon quickly they go subconscious. If they go subconscious they become a detached, movable, and transferable irritability that falls on everything in the church. If you don’t deal with that hurt feeling now, it will metastasize into an emotional cancer that will destroy you. It will not destroy the person you’re mad at. It will destroy you. Give it to God, and He will deal with it appropriately. God help us!


(cf. 1 Thess. 4:11)

What do you think should be the ambition of Christians? The Apostle Paul answers this question quite succinctly when he says to the believers in Thessalonica, “…make it your ambition to lead a quiet life and attend to your own business and work with your hands,…so that you will behave properly toward outsiders (unbelievers) and not be in any need” (NASB). The Phillips Translation of the New Testament has it, “…make it your ambition to have no ambition!”. I often wonder if we sit down and wondered what does God really want for me? Well, if we look at the Apostle Paul God sent him on a worldwide mission to evangelize the whole world, and left everything that he had and began on a trek and a pilgrimage of following Christ all over the world that finally ended in his martyrdom, and yet this Apostle with a mission like that also had a word of advice for his fellow Christians when he said, “Let your ambition be to lead quiet contented lives”. I think that’s a balance we need to hear. I feel like we’re always doing something in the church; doing prayer meetings, fasting, pushing about Sunday school, or were pushing about visitation, or we’re always trying to spur ourselves into action and getting ourselves motivated, which really is a pretty frustrating experience in itself. The other side of that coin though is, i think it is quite possible to have a quiet contented life and be in the will of God. What i’m saying is, we do a lot of things to try to win people to Christ. We have all kinds of things to try to get ourselves to actively share our faith, but my personal belief is that every Christian can be as dynamic by living quiet, contented lives sharing their lifestyle faith to those whom they are most intimately acquainted with, at work, or at school, or neighbors. We wouldn’t need to have any of these big programs for evangelism. We could penetrate the world very quickly if every believer just lived their lives quietly and impact their sphere of influence, and with those people whom they may know best.

It may sound paradoxical that Paul would say this, when this gung-ho of an apostle seems so dynamic as to say, you know, “…reaching for the upward call of God…” and all that. I think it’s because we’ve misunderstood, and got the concept of a super Christian as someone who is always out on the streets giving tracts, doing something or always in the limelight, but i really see the super Christian as one who is content where God puts him, and lives in appropriate Christlikeness in that situation. You see, we tend to think the one who’s always in the front line, and always doing something is the one who is pleasing to God. I really think of that little paradox that says, “The first shall be last, and the last shall be first” is a spiritual truth that we need to contemplate. What is this thing? Paul defines here what a quiet life is. He says a quiet life is to attend to your own business. I think it’s very important that we watch our tongues. The tongue is the only thing that the Bible uses the word hell about, ‘Gehenna’. Did you know that Jesus uses the word ‘Gehenna’ or hell quite often, and the Apostle James says that “the tongue is set on fire by hell”? You know, we can do more problem in the church by opening our mouths in unloving, inappropriate cutting ways, and I want to tell you, that is simply inappropriate for the people of God. Better yet, make it a practice only to listen to something, and only talk about something if you feel like you’re a part of the solution, or that you’re involved somehow in the solution. What Paul is saying is, make it your ambition to live a quiet life, and he says tend to your own business. Vast majority of people do not read the Bible, and perhaps the only Bible that they would be able to read is the Bible lived out in our lives. And so please live your lives worthy of your calling as children of God (cf. Eph. 4:1-16).


(Psalm 137)

Psalm 137 relates to the experience of the Jewish captivity and exile to Babylon sometime between 588BC to 586BC. And if we can put ourselves back in a Jewish frame of mind, i think we can catch the pathos and empathy with which we can feel what these people must have felt as they were away from Zion by the rivers of Babylon. “By the rivers of Babylon we sat and wept when we remembered Zion.” – perhaps if could go back in the history of the nation of Israel before the fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians, and remember some of the promises that God made to His covenant people, we could catch the confusion with which they experienced this exile. In 2 Samuel chapter 7 verses 10, 13, and 16 where God promises that He will bring Israel into the Land, and He will sustain them there, that He will always have a man on the Davidic throne, and that Jerusalem will stand as a monument to Himself throughout the ages. This of course was a promise to David before Solomon became king, and yet now the Davidic king has been taken in chains to Babylon. I think we can see some of the tension this caused when we look at the preaching of Jeremiah. Now, Jeremiah was confronted with false teachers who kept quoting passages from Isaiah chapters 36 and 37 where God promises to King Hezekiah through Isaiah that Jerusalem will not fall to the Assyrian invaders under Sennacherib who had already taken the northern 10 tribes on 722BC. And because Hezekiah prayed to God and trusted God, God told him He’d spare the city. That’s in Isaiah 37 where the Death Angel came and 185,000 troops of the Assyrian army died in one night, and Sennacherib went home where he met his death in the hands of his own two sons. In that context of the repentance and faith of Hezekiah and the people, in Jeremiah’s day which is about 150 years plus later they were saying, “God has promised He’ll never allow the city to be destroyed; He promised to David back in 2nd Samuel; He promised to Hezekiah back in the book of Isaiah”. And Jeremiah kept saying, “Yes that’s true, but you have forgotten the covenant responsibilities God said He would, if you would, but you you have broken the Covenant by the way you act. God’s mercy has been spurned. You have not repented, and God’s going to take you to exile”. And the people called Jeremiah a ‘false prophet’ because they said “thus saith the Lord” and they quoted the Scriptures in 2nd Samuel 7 and said, “You’re a heretic because you’re bringing a new message”. If you know the book of Isaiah, the authorities really were abusive to him, and the crowds tried to abuse him physically several times because he had a message of judgment instead of a message of deliverance. You see the Jews put so much trust in the temple. They had focused all of their covenant responsibilities to temple ritual that they were totally unprepared when God took the temple away. Now the problem has always been that even in the Old Testament, the faith of Israel had always been a heartfelt faith that was represented through the sacrifice, through the liturgy, through the ritual. But somehow the Jews had trusted in the ‘form’ instead of the ‘Giver’ of the form; trusted in their actions instead of the grace of God. They had thought that ritualistic, literalistic acts of sacrifices would make them right with God when it was always the heart that made man right with God. And so God’s only option was to take them out of the land so they’d be forced to return to Him and Him alone as their only source of help and salvation. It is at this context, at the pathos of these early exiled Jews, they wondered, “Does God still love us, does God still care, are God’s promises still valid, is the Covenant still in effect”? I think we can understand something about this drama, if we woke up one morning, and all the churches had been shut down and were in the process of being burned, and all the Bibles had been confiscated and were in the process of being burned, and all the religious leaders had been executed during the night in secret raids, something of the wonderment and bewilderment that would overcome Christians of our country may have been something that these Jews experienced; when all they hoped for and trusted in, and all they looked to for guidance, and hope, and instruction were gone.

Now, the “By the rivers of…” – ‘canals’ would have been a more appropriate translation because we learn from Ezekiel that one of those was a canal named Chebar, and there were many canals that derived from the Euphrates used for irrigation purposes. So, “By one of these canals” was where they sat down and wept. Now why would they come to a river to worship or to pray? Well, the only Biblical precedent we have is in the New Testament in Acts 16:13, where Paul and his co-workers came to Philippi, and went down to the river nearby which was the common place of prayer during that time. And he knew that, so maybe that’s an ancient tradition when there was no synagogue. they went down by the river. Someone said, it may be a place where they could perform their ablutions; that could be true. Perhaps it’s just the quiet serenity of the riverbank where they sat down. Now, of course for the Jews to sit on the floor was a sign of mourning; maybe it’s the idea here because the next verse is they “wept” when they remembered Zion. Wept is a word that means to weep loudly; to cry out in agony. This whole Psalm is almost a funeral lament in its rhythmic form. And here they wailed as they sit by the river. Zion of course is a hill in Jerusalem and it’s the idea of the whole city. The temple is not built on Mount Zion, it’s built on Mount Moriah, but Zion came to be a name to describe Jerusalem, and Jerusalem came to be synonymous with the temple or the place where God chose His Name to dwell, and that’s the idea here.

Now notice as it mentions, “There on the poplars we hung our harps,” – the verbs from verse one through verse three are in a past tense and in Hebrew. And so it seems like someone writing later was looking back on this period, and remembering how bad it was. Other translations use “willows”, however willows do not grow in the Tigiris Euphrates valley. Modern horticulturists would tell us that this is a type of poplar that looked similar to a willow that grew not only in Babylon but on the Jordan riverbanks. It is possible these very same trees are the branches that were used in the feast of tabenacles which would even intensify the grief even more. Now, the ‘harps’ here the Revised Standard Version has the word ‘lyres’, but both are similar in form and shape. This was a musical instrument either used by the Levites to sing the praises of God in the temple, or possibly also by the people to sing their religious folk songs. But whatever it is, the attitude and the atmosphere was not conducive to worship of Yahweh’s goodness because they were so dejected and confused at this point.

Now notice in verse three as it says, “For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us required of us mirth, saying, Sing us one of the songs of Zion.” – It would seem that their Babylonian captors asked them to sing a religious song to kind of mock them. We must remember that during this time, all of the nations were connected to national god. The fact that Israel as a nation was in captivity showed that her God had been defeated by Marduk, the chief god of the Babylonian pantheon. And so to force them to sing a religious song was in a way to show that Yahweh had been defeated, and maybe they wanted to do that to mock the Jews. Others are of the view that they weren’t so much trying to mock them religiously as they like this new form of singing. If you ever heard a Jewish religious hymn, it has a unique beat, a unique rhythm; maybe they just wanted to hear this new kind of music and this new kind of song. And i’m not sure we can know which it is. The fact the word ‘captors’ and ‘tormentors’ are mentioned, seems to support the idea of ‘mock’ but the verb ‘ask’ seems to support the idea of just “let us hear this new different kind of music”. In verse 4, “How shall we sing the LORD’S song in a strange land?” – now here the ‘the LORD’s song’ is identified with the ‘songs of Zion’ which means a religious song. We must remember in the ancient world, deities were connected with geographic locations. Maybe, this is aln allusion of that, that they couldn’t sing Yahweh’s song away from the Promised Land because Yahweh’ primary land was the Promised Land. Now, i think that goes back to a false understanding that God was one among many, and we know that Judaism is a development to a pure blown monotheism which says He is the only God and the rest are simply demonic or false gods. Now, the second possibility is: these songs were religious songs, and it was simply a mockery to sing them out of the context of the temple and its faith.

Verse 5, “If I forget you, Jerusalem,…” – now, here is a series of verses, 5 and 6, that show intense faith amidst the dark time of exile and theological confusion. Though they weren’t sure God was still for them, they want everybody to know they were still for God, and so even in this darkness of this, they’re still saying, “O, we believe in Jerusalem”. “…Let my right hand forget its skill.” – this could well be translated as, …”May my right hand forget (or become numb) to play upon the harp”. So there again the thoughts to remember Zion and its happy memories continue to haunt them. Now in verse 6, “Let my tongue stick to the roof of my mouth if I don’t remember you; If I don’t prefer Jerusalem above my chief joy.” – the psalmist is saying, may his fitness to sing be disabled if again he sings any such festival songs, till that joyful day shall come, when they return to Jerusalem from exile. Now notice as it says in verse 7, “Remember, Yahweh, against the children of Edom, The day of Jerusalem; Who said, “Raze it! Raze it even to its foundation!” – it is interesting to note the word ‘forget’ is something negative for men; we want ment to ‘remember’ God’s goodness and kindness, but if we relate the word ‘remember’ to God, it connotes the idea of imprecation because God’s ‘remembering’ always refers to judgment. And verse 7 in context is a call on God to judge 2 different nations, Edom and Babylon, that were involved in the fall of Jerusalem. We see that God is a God who will repay heathen nations who have cruelly afflicted His elect (cf. Deut. 32:35). This really is a sign of hope for the Jews; they weren’t sure God was still in control of history, they weren’t sure God was still for them. But in the midst of this heaviness of being exiled as God’s judgment for their sins, yet this man believes God is in control. He says ‘God be just, mete to them the same kind of justice that you have held us accountable’. Now, why Edom? Why would the sons of Edom be called on here? Babylon is going to mentioned in verse 8. But why should Edom be judged? Well, from many passages, we know that Edom a relative of the Jews, participated in the fall and the attack of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar. You might want to see EzeK 35:5; Amos 1:9-11; Obad. 11-16, that describe Edom’s participation in the invasion and attack of Jerusalem. And so it was a violation against brotherly love that was the problem. Now that quote in verse 7, “…Raze it! Raze it even to its foundation!” – has the idea of ‘uncover, or strip her naked to the ground bottom” (cf. Lamentation 4:21-22). So it’s the idea of stripping a woman publicly to shame her is what they were doing to Jerusalem (seen as a woman, we often call her the ‘virgin daughter of Zion’) in a sense of shaming a woman used here as a metaphor. That’s the idea here.

Now verse 8 describes the judgment on Babylon. Notice as it says, “Daughter of Babylon, doomed to destruction, He will be happy who rewards you, As you have served us.” – Jeremiah prophesied Babylon’s punishment after 70 years of ravaging Jerusalem and throwing the Jews into exile (cf. Jer. 25:12). It sounds cruel to us but it’s the Old Testament ‘eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth’ justice of Deuteronomy 19:19 and Leviticus 34:20. Here’s one example of the horrors of war as an ultimate way of what they’re praying to God would do to them, because that’s what they did to the Jews, “Happy shall he be, Who takes and dashes your little ones against the rock.” – they would cut off the strength of the nation by killing the children by grabbing them by the heels and dash their heads against the walls. It’s unbelievable, but it was a common military practice in the ancient world (cf. Isaiah 13:16; Hos. 10:14; Hos. 13:16; Nahum 3:10) and this is a fulfillment of predictive prophecy against Babylon. I could almost quote Galatians 6:7 here and say, “Don’t be deceived. God is not mocked, for whatever a man sows, that he will also reap” and that seems to be a fulfillment here against Babylon. Divine judgment against Babylon is pronounced, and nothing can prevent its execution. Cyrus king of Persia when executing the counsels of God, he entered that doomed city, and meted to them the same cruelty they had shown their captives. And as Babylon of old fell, the eschatological Babylon mystical shall meet the same destruction from the righteous judgment of God, and all oppressors of God’s people will sink as a millstone cast into the deep, and never rise again.


(cf. Eph. 6:10-18)

Christians are on a spiritual conflict. We struggle against the evil one as much as we struggle against our own selves. Disunity, apathy, false teachers are the schemes satan employs to make the church look in a bad light to the unbelieving world. The apostle Paul says we’ve got to be prepared to recognize that our personal opinion, our personal happiness, our personal choice, our personal preference have to be sublimated to the health and growth of the body of Christ. We sing the song “it’s all about You Jesus” but we live the life “it’s all about me”. The spiritual battle is connected directly with the Genesis 3 fall of man; becoming independent of God, and wanting my way no matter what the cost. The conflict continues and that conflict is basically “me” in every situation; wanting my will instead of God’.

There’s a real conflict, and Paul teaches us 2 things to win this war against self and the evil one. Number one weapon against all the forces of wickedness is a knowledge of the Word of God. You cannot have this knowledge by having the Bible on your coffee table. It must be read. It must be pondered. It must be prayed over. It must be read again and again. In context, the “helmet of salvation” is the Christian’s greatest need, and the “sword of the Spirit” which is the Word of God are theologically parallel – It’s the Gospel understanding. Keep the Word of God in your heart that you might not sin against Him (cf. Ps. 119:11). The second weapon in the Christian’s arsenal is prayer. “And pray in the Spirit on all occasions with all kinds of prayers and requests. With this in mind, be alert and always keep on praying for all the Lord’s people” (i.e. Eph. 6:18). We should see our life as Christians as somehow affecting the world by prayer. It is true we have not because we’ve asked not. It is true that things don’t happen because we haven’t prayed. Prayer is that theological truth that human intellect, human knowledge, human organization, human resources is never enough in the spiritual realm – PRAYER IS!


(Romans 5:1-25)

The book of Romans is a wonderful book, and it does for me what no other book in the Bible does for me. It’s the book where the Apostle Paul laid out his systematic theology, and it’s built precept upon precept to clearly reveal to us how Christianity is structured. Chapter 3 verses 21 through 31 is his presentation of the concept of ‘Justification by Faith’; that marvelous doctrine that we’re right with God because of who He is and what He has done that is offered to us as a free gift with no strings attached through faith. As a Jew, Paul knew that if he really wanted to fortify his argument about ‘Justification by Faith’, the place that he would go to would be the Pentateuch, which is the Jews considered the most holy part of Scripture. And so chapter 4 is really an amplification of the theme ‘Justification by Faith’ put on Old Testament basis. I think it’s important to know that this doctrine of ‘Justification by Faith’ is not a New Testament doctrine. This has always been how God has dealt with men from the Old Testament past. That’s how He worked with Abraham who lived 400 years before the Law. Abraham was made ‘right’ or ‘justified’ by God even before Circumcision. The ‘Law and ‘Circumcision’ are the two main pillars of Jewish pride which Paul is going to eliminate as far as a way of being ‘right’ with God. Paul, here in chapter 4 is going to spell out to us how is a man right with God, or how is a man saved, or how do you know you’re going to heaven, or how is a man brought into a right relationship with God?

First of all, we’re going to define four major Biblical words that are used over and over in this passage. The first word is ‘right standing’, other translation has ‘righteousness’, or justification – all the same word, same root. The second one is the word ‘credited’; you might have the word ‘imputed’. The third one is the word ‘faith’ (which we can find on an Old Testament basis). The fourth word is found in verse 13, – ‘the promise’. Now let’s look at the beginning of verse 1, “What then shall we say that…” – this is a diatribe which Paul so skillfully employs in Romans as well in Galatians; Paul is supposing someone is going to be an objector, and so he answers the supposed objections all the way his letter. So here’s the first objector: “What then shall we say that Abraham,…” – you see the Jews said “I’m right with God because I’m a Jew; I’m right with God because my ancient forefather was Abraham”. Now if you’ll look at Luke 3:8, John the Baptist reprimanded the self-seeking Jews as he said, “Don’t tell me you’re born from Abraham, because that’s not what’s going to get you into kingdom of God. So the Jews were depending on being in the racial line of Abraham. There are some people today think they’re saved because their names are written on some church roll some place, or think they’re saved because their parents were Christians, or think they’re saved because they read the Bible. This is a good analogy; these Jews thought they are right with God based on their racial lineage, based on who they are, but in reality they are lost. I believe this chapter is the cutting edge of the Gospel that cuts us under every excuse why man can save himself. If you will read Genesis 11:27 through Genesis 25:11 where the Bible talks about the life Abraham, and where God changed his original name Abram to Abraham. God the meaning of his name from ‘the exalted father’ to something very significant, ‘father of many nations’, or ‘the father of a multitude’. That’s so significant in the life of Abraham because if you will read Galatians 3:16, you will find out that the true seed of Abraham is by faith and not by racial descent. And his descendants are as innumerable as the stars in heaven, and as countless as the sands of the sea. That’s how many children Abraham has. It has nothing to do with racial descent, it has everything to do with faith descent. That’s what we’re talking about here.

Notice in verse 2, “If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about–but not before God.” – this is a first class conditional statement (assumed to be true), which the New Living Translation renders quite succinctly, “If his good deeds had made him acceptable to God, he would have had something to boast about. But that was not God’s way.” Paul was saying in a roundabout way that Abraham was justified not because of who he is. You know, we often have the mistaken notion that Bible characters are super saints. There are no super saints, there are just turkeys saved by grace. We have built these people up in our mind to bigger than life. I submit to you God’s people are just human beings warts and all. Let’s look at Abraham; Abraham is called the father of the faith, and yet he is just a fool at times like most of us. And why is that? Well, God said, “leave your kinsmen and follow Me” (cf. Gen. 12:1-2), and he took his father and his family with him. He disobeyed a direct order from God. And when in Egypt to escape the famine in Canaan, his faith in God gave way to fear; lying to the Egyptians and Pharaoh about his true relationship with Sarai his wife lest he would be killed by them. He failed to trust fully in God’s promise that he would be a father of many nations. Well, that’s not all about the flaws in Abraham’s character. First of all, he was a polytheist; there was no goodness in him. He was not an unusually righteous man, he was a polytheist just like his father. When God called him and finally told him he’s going to have a son, you know what Sarah did? She giggled, and Abraham laughed, and then he said ‘I’m going to help God out, so I’ll just take my wife’s handmaiden”, and consequently that started all the trouble and enmity in Abraham’s family. Abraham is a not a giant of faith. Abraham is a man whom God picked to bless the world through.

Notice as it says in verse 3, “What does Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.” – right standing, righteousness, justification – all these terms have one root; it means a measuring reed, a standard. It means a standard by which to compare everything else. And the standard in the Bible is not that you’re better than your next-door neighbor, or you know your Bible better than someone else. The standard in the Bible is that God is the standard by which everything will be judged. He is the standard and none of us measure up to that kind of standard. That’s when the Bible can say unequivocally, “All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God” (i.e. Rom. 3:23). All of us don’t make up to His character. Now, that’s why every Hebrew word for sin means deviation from a standard; missing the mark; falling short; being crooked; being perverse, all mean deviation from the standard. I believe does teach that if you keep all the Law from birth till death, and your character’s like God, you can go to heaven. The problem is, nobody can stand up to that righteousness. Now notice if you would, the word ‘credited’ is an accounting word in Greek. What it means is that they have two lines of figures: you have a balance of what people owe you, and then you have you owe people. Two different accounts, and it’s like someone taking an account book and on the side that says balance, do they write ‘the righteousness of God in Him’. That’s not something you owe, it’s something that’s been given to you, it’s something ‘due’ you. Not ‘due’ in the sense of your worth, but ‘due’ because it’s been written on the side of the ledger that means this has been credited to your account. This is an asset. Now, it doesn’t mean we are like God in our actions. It means we are positionally in Christ, the Righteousness of God. Think of 2 Corinthians 5:21, “and God made Him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God”. Do you catch that? This is based on who we are in Christ and what He is, and not we are. Now to be Biblical, i want to say to you, hopefully we’re going to move from ‘positional’ to ‘possessional’; we’re going to move from faith to lifestyle, and that’s very important (to combine those two). Now, “…credited to him as righteousness” (aorist passive, once and for all by an outside agent) means righteousness has been imputed to him. That means, even when i played the fool, my salvation is not dependent on how big a fool i am, my salvation is dependent on who Jesus Christ is and what He has already done. What i have accepted by faith what has been given to me by God and is secure in Him, not in me.

Notice as it continues in verse 4, “Now to the one who works, wages are not credited as a gift but as an obligation.” – the Jews would say, “Well we’ve been circumcised, we’ve kept the Old Testament Law, we read the Torah, we attend the synagogue (does that sound strangely familiar?); they’re going to start telling God what a wonderful person they are, and why God should love them, and how much they deserve from God. And Paul’s going to start, when a workman gets his pay, he is not considered to be from the point of view of favor, but it’s an obligation. But a man who does no work but simply puts his faith in Him who brings the ungodly into right standing with Himself receives the righteousness of God as a gift from God. It may surprise you but the word ‘faith’ is a word that we use all the time, as when we say “Amen” as the end of our prayer. It is a Hebrew term that comes into Greek as ‘Amen’ and transliterated into English as Amen. The word ‘amen’ in Hebrew is from the root,’to be firm’, ‘to be secure’. So it meant something secure, stable, permanent. Now as we use the term today, it came to mean ‘I agree’ or ‘I affirm’, but the Biblical usage is ‘to be sure’, ‘to be trustworthy, ‘to be loyal’, to be permanent’, ‘to be stable’, and ‘to be immovable’. Now do these adjectives of immovability refer to us, or to God? You see, we tend to put faith in us. I hear preachers say all the time, “if you have enough faith God will do this”. Have you ever wondered why Jesus said, “if you have faith the size of a mustard seed you can move mountains?” Well, because we don’t really need more faith. It’s not how much faith we have, it is the object of our faith – Jesus Christ. Faith in the Old Testament is the trustworthiness of God. We trust God’s trustworthiness. That’s what faith is. Faith in respect to man is always a response to. Faith is not morality, faith is not theology, faith is not emotions. Faith is primarily relationship – relational. A good analogy is our marriage vows; we pick someone whom we think is God’s will for our life. I made some real promises to my bride to love, honor, trust, obey till death do us part, period. I didn’t know everything about her but i looked that woman in the presence of God and said, “I love you until i die” period. That promise i made to her will stand no matter what her character flaws may be revealed in time (well that goes vice versa) because that promise was a relationship. You see, i’m not married because i have a piece of paper that says i’m married. I’m married because i’m in a faith relationship with my wife through Christ. Now, that’s how i’m saved through Christ. I’m not saved because i have a baptismal certificate. I’m not saved because my name is on the church roll. I’m not saved because i do certain things. I’m not saved because i pray and read the Bible. I’m saved because i have a faith relationship with Jesus, a carpenter of Nazareth who i believe is God Incarnate. Faith is trusting in the trustworthiness of God. It is not an act. It is a response – that’s very, very, very important!

And then in verse 5, Paul comes back to these words again – trusts, justifies, faith, righteousness, “However, to the one who does not work but trusts God who justifies the ungodly, their faith is credited as righteousness”. Do you know where this quote comes? From back up there in verse three; when God told Abraham he’ll have a son, Abraham tried every way in the world to get that son. But through a promise, through a miracle Sarah balked and griped, but Abraham did believe God even though he couldn’t explain it, and even though he thought he’d have to help God out. That’s not powerful faith, but it’s saving faith because of the promise God made, Abraham believed. You see, faith is really trusting in the statements that God makes. If God is not true, if God has overstated His case, if God has told us an error, none of us are saved. O, but when what God’s told us is accurate, we can depend on it, we can die on it, and come to life again.

Now, the rest of this chapter is just the same old thing over and over again; not with works, without things Abraham has done. And then he quotes David in verse 6 and following; what about David? David is called ‘a man after God’s own heart’. But David was initially a robber, he has committed treason against his own country, and then when he finally became king, he lusted after another man’s wife, got her pregnant, then tried to trick her husband into coming home so he’d get off the hook. The husband was more loyal than David, so David premeditated Uriah’s death with his own army, then he covered it up for over a year until Nathan put his finger on David’s nose. That’s the man God says is ‘a man after my own’ heart’. You might want to read Psalm 32 and Psalm 51, and see David in the exact same light or the exact same sins we ordinary sinners find ourselves in. I’m so glad David is saved because if a jerk like David can be saved, there’s hope for us. O, ‘a man after God’s own heart’ acting like that, that is the proof of faith and righteousness, the promise of God. Now it continues, as you look at the words down through here, “…Abraham’s faith was credited to him as righteousness”. Then notice it goes into the idea of ‘circumcision’ which is the Jew’s big proof, and it says, “No! it’s faith”. And looking at verse 13, “…that Abraham and his offspring received the promise that he would be heir of the world, but through the righteousness that comes by faith.” – there’s that fourth term, ‘the promise’. How do i know i’m saved? Because i got goosebumps running down my spine? But there are days when i don’t get goosebumps. There are days when i don’t feel saved. There are days when i have a fight with my wife, and on and on. So, how do i know i’m saved? It’s the Promise of God why i know i’m saved! “For whosoever shall call upon the Name of the Lord shall be saved” (Romans 10:13; Acts 2:21; Joel 2:32); “But whosoever believeth in Him shall not perish but have everlasting life (John 3:15); “for as many as received him to them He gave the right to become the children of God, even to those who believed on His Name” (John 1:12); “Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.” (Matthew 11:28). If those are lies, i can never know i’m saved. God has made me some promises, and i’m going to stand right there come hell or high waters and till the Second Coming is cancelled! I’m right with God because of who Jesus is and what Jesus has done; not because of who i am, or what i have done, nor how much faith i can muster. I stand on the promises of God made to Abraham, and to his seed; “that he would be heir of the world (not the Jews alone), but through the righteousness that comes by faith”. Verse 14-15, “For if those who depend on the law are heirs, faith means nothing and the promise is worthless, because the law brings wrath. And where there is no law there is no transgression” (cf. Romans 3:25; 5:13). That’s a very unusual concept, but very important. So, it is conditioned on faith, that it might be in accordance with God’s unmerited favor so that the promise would be enforced to all the descendants of Abraham, not only of those of the Law, but to all those who belong the faith group. If being a Jew is necessary to get to heaven, i’ll never make it. But praise be to God, the door of faith has been opened to the Gentiles. I’m glad Jesus came. Let’s look at it again, the promise is enforced “…in the sight of God, in whom he believed—the God who gives life to the dead and calls into being things that were not”. The God of creation, the God and only God is the One who allowed me to be a part of His family. Everything i have in Christ is by the agency of God. Now let us go down a bit further in verses 21-22. All those major words right there in verse 23, summed back up about being credited to him, and then we have a crystal logical statement in verse 24 and 25, “…who believe in him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead. He was delivered over to death…” – this a legal term that means delivered over to punishment, or delivered over to justice. This is in fact the vicarious substitutionary atonement of Jesus Christ. It was our penalty; we deserve to be beaten for who we are, but Jesus took the beating. When God said, “the soul that sins, it shall surely die”, He was absolutely certain that His word is true. But wonderful and marvelous grace of God – He died in our place, and then He gave us His righteousness as a free gift by faith. Yes, Someone did die, and His Name was Jesus, and the means was the cross. Paul couldn’t believe it himself. ‘How can anybody who is cursed by God be the Messiah?’ That’s exactly what God’s plan is – the curse for our sins fell on Jesus. God gave Him up for death because of our shortcomings, and was raised to life to give us right standing with God. In 2 Corinthians chapter 5:21 we read the marvelous passage, “God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God.” Thank God i’ve never heard better Good News in all the world, that Jesus died for me and you, and we can be right with God based on who He is and not on who we are. I know i’m going to make it to heaven not because of my goodness but because of Your goodness, O Lord! Thank You Lord!


“Therefore, brothers and sisters, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus,”

(Heb. 10:19)

I believe so strongly in the security of the believer, and i base this belief on God’s promise that we have confidence to enter the holy place by the blood of Jesus. King James has the word ‘boldness’, and it’s used in numerous occasions in the book of Hebrews. It’s a Greek word that meant freedom of speech. It spoke about someone who could say what they wanted to when they wanted to. But it came to develop and multiply until it came to mean confidence, boldness, or assurance. Personally, i would like to translate this word as ‘assured freedom’ or ‘assured access’, or something like that. The verb is in the present tense, meaning we continue to have as a matter of our life free access to the holy place. Now, unless you know the Old Testament, that won’t mean anything to you.

In the Old Testament, the high priest once a year entered behind the inner veil of the holy place with the blood of a bullock to sprinkle on the top of the Ark of the Covenant to expiate for his sin and the sins of Israel. Once a year, only one man could enter in this very special place which symbolized the very presence of God. The high priest had on the bottom of his robes pomegranates interchained with golden bells all the way around. The people would be so worried for when a sinful man approached a holy God anything could happen, so they would put a rope around his leg and in case God appeared and he was struck dead, they could pull him out from under the curtain. Because nobody else could go in there either and lived, so they thought. The Ark of the Covenant was made of acacia wood, and it was overlaid with gold. On top of the gold covered lid was two cherubim whose wings met right across the middle, where it was believed that God symbolically dwelt with His people. Remember, inside the Ark was Aaron’s rod that budded, the tablets of the Ten Commandments that Moses had taken from God written by His hand, and also some old jar of manna as a remembrance for them. The high priest came in ther and sprinkled blood on top of the mercy seat, and the blood symbolically covered the sins of the people from the sight of God.

What a difference we have now, we who know Jesus Christ by faith. We don’t have to wait till once a year, and just one of us can go before the presence of God. We are the children of God (cf. Jn. 1:12) and we can come come into His presence anytime as God’s children. And every time we bow our heads in prayer or think about God, we are in a very real sense right into His throne room. We are the children of the King. Where others have to knock and ask for entrance, we bounce through the curtain always welcome because we’re God’s children. God is never too busy for us, He’s never got too much going, never says ‘No’; we come right into the Holy of Holies, right into the very presence of God anytime we want. And we have this assured access by virtue of the blood of the Lamb. We enter boldly into the presence of God by way of the blood of Jesus. O, what a contrast between the Old Covenant and the New Covenant. Hallelujah!


There is a spiritual battle raging in the heavenlies, and for some reason the vast majority of the people of God are unaware of it. The Bible says there is a spiritual conflict (cf. Eph. 6:12), and we just think there’s 4 Sundays in a month. That’s our view of Christianity; 4 Sundays, 4 hours at a certain building, and that’s what Christianity is all about. WRONG! I guess it is not so much that we know how to deal with the spiritual conflict as that we know that indeed there is a spiritual conflict. And a soldier who does not know that he is in a battle, has already lost the battle. That’s the tragedy

The book of Ephesians was written against the false teachers of Gnosticism that the early church struggled with for centuries. We still have in the modern world these false teachers, characterized as gnostics (e.g. scientologists, illuminati, and the da Vinci code kind of thing), from the Greek word for knowledge “to know”. These false teachers say there’s always been two co-eternal things: spirit or God, and matter or stuff. We know fully well that that is untrue because the Bible says, there was nothing, and out of nothing God spoke the material universe into existence. But Gnosticism is Greek philosophy and it says God is good, and matter is evil. And blame the problems of the world on matter, that’s why the Greeks would say, everybody has a divine spark, and at death that spark goes back to an impersonal God, and the body is the prison-house of the soul. So they’re saying that our real problem is flesh. Now wait a minute, because Jesus is said to come in the flesh, how can Jesus be fully God and fully man and flesh be evil? And yet Jesus is without sin. Remember 1 John 4:1-3 says if you do not believe that Jesus is fully God and fully man, you have the spirit of the anti-Christ. This is no minor doctrine. So here what looked innocently became a major attack on the person of Jesus Christ. We believe that the the cross is the key to our forgiveness. Well not for the gnostics; they would say the way for you to be saved is to join their group and get a secret knowledge, or a code that they claim Jesus gave them orally. This is one among many of the false teachings believers have to wage war against, and it will do us well if we know our Bible enough to defend ourselves. READ YOUR BIBLE AND PRAY EVERYDAY!