Revelation 10:1 through chapter 11:14 is an interlude between the sixth and seventh trumpets as in the case of the seals back in chapter 7. “I saw another mighty angel coming down out of heaven,…” – many have asserted that this mighty angel is much like the angel back in chapter 5:2. But it said “another mighty angel” – there are several mighty angels listed: 5:2; here in 10:1; and in 18:21. Now because of the description that follows which is going to be description taken from “a God and Christ”, many have said this is Christ. But i don’t think it can be Christ because he’s an angel; because there are other mighty angels listed; because he swears by God in verse 6; and because the angel in Daniel chapter 10 was also dressed like God. So, I think we’re talking about an angel here and not Christ. Now “…coming down out of heaven, clothed with a cloud;” – from Psalms 97 to Psalms 104, and Daniel 7:13, and Acts 1:9, we know that clouds are the transportation of deity. So, this is a very powerful angel, some say this angel stands for Christ, and Christ’s Word, and Christ’s victory. Well, I can certainly buy that, because this is one humdinger of an angel for all you know. And then “…with a rainbow over his head…” – of course the rainbow speaks I think of the covenant promises, and mercy, and fidelity of God going back of course to Noah. I think it was used in chapter 4:3 for the throne of God, and there may be a direct allusion here to Ezekiel 1:28. “…and his face was like the sun,” – that goes back to revelation 1:16 in description of Christ. “…and His legs were like pillar of fire” – this goes back to Revelation 1:15, again description of Christ. “He had a little book open in his hand…” – the question is, what little book is this? It’s the same book of chapter 5:1. That now all the seals are open, and you can read it, it is more like an allusion to Ezekiel 2:8, and 3:3 about a little book that Ezekiel had to eat that was sweet to his mouth but bitter to his stomach. It was the judgment of God on the nation Israel. I think that’s the allusion he’s pulling from in this “little book”. “He placed his right foot on the sea and his left on the land;” – a tall angel, matter of fact. The rabbi’s said that there was one angel so tall that it was taller than a 500 day’s journey over all the other angels. His name is Sandalphon. We got a big angel here; the clouds are around his head and his feet are on both land and the sea, i think, perhaps to show the universality of the message. Maybe the powerfulness of the idea of the Word of God here. We just can’t be sure exactly why. “And he cried out with a loud voice, as when a lion roars;” – the word here really is the mooing of oxen but it’s used in a sense of a roaring of a lion. Maybe a melodious voice here, and of course there are many aspects of the Old Testament talking about God as ‘roaring as a lion (cf. Jeremiah 25:30; Hosea 11:10; Amos 3:8; and Joel 3:16). So, this angel is close, not only in majesty but in the titles of God and Christ in other places. So, it is a powerful, powerful angel.
THE ANGEL’S OATH
THE LITTLE BOOK
Notice as it says in verse 8, “Then the voice which I heard from heaven, I heard again speaking with me,” – whose voice is this? Well, in chapter 11:1 this same voice is going to speak, and so we cannot be 100% sure if it is God’s, if it is Jesus’, or is it an angel’s. And he said, “Go, take the book which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the sea and on the land. So I went to the angel, telling him to give me the little book…” – the command was very authoritative to take the book, which is said to be open, which means the revelation is not hidden. “And he *said to me, “Take it and eat it; it will make your stomach bitter, but in your mouth, it will be sweet as honey.” – this has to be allusion back to Ezekiel 2:8 and you need to see Jeremiah chapters 15, 16, and 17 for a possible allusion to this. It’s the gospel message; it warms the heart, but there’s an element of judgment to it. I think that’s the idea here. Some say the phrase “sweet as honey” goes back to Psalms 19:10-11 or Psalms 119:103-104. It maybe John’s drawing allusions from all over the Old Testament but using them in different ways than their Old Testament setting. So “I took the little book out of the angel’s hand and ate it,” – It’s the idea of John internalizing the message, that’s the inference here. Look at verse 11, it says, “And they said to me,” – who are this “they”? Why is it plural? Is it several angels? Is it the Trinitarian God? We’re just not sure. “You must prophesy again…” – the “must” here is the idea of moral necessity. There’s got to be more revelation “concerning many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.” – this phrase with a slight variety is mentioned numerous times in Revelation 5:9; 7:9; 10:11; 11:9; 13:7; 14:6; 17:15. God is working with all men. That’s always been His thrust. The anti-Christ is going to pull away all men from God. God wants all men to know Him, and the anti-Christ wants to prevent all men from knowing God. The Gospel is concerned not with any one group of people, be it church, nation, or empire, but with all fallen humanity. I think that’s the idea here.